On Graph Computing

WS:

Very interesting basic stuff for modelling in the foresight domain (to be tagged “anticipatory mind”, “prediction game”).

Originally posted on Marko A. Rodriguez:

The concept of a graph has been around since the dawn of mechanical computing and for many decades prior in the domain of pure mathematics. Due in large part to this golden age of databases, graphs are becoming increasingly popular in software engineering. Graph databases provide a way to persist and process graph data. However, the graph database is not the only way in which graphs can be stored and analyzed. Graph computing has a history prior to the use of graph databases and has a future that is not necessarily entangled with typical database concerns. There are numerous graph technologies that each have their respective benefits and drawbacks. Leveraging the right technology at the right time is required for effective graph computing.

Structure: Modeling Real-World Scenarios with Graphs

A graph (or network) is a data structure. It is composed of vertices (dots) and edges (lines). Many real-world scenarios…

View original 1,998 more words

NuTronics

Originally posted on ShapingTomorrowBlog:

electron

By Dennis D. Draeger, Aiglatson Foresight Research

Electronics exploits the charge of electrons, but experimental scientists are innovating on this idea by focusing instead on other characteristics of electrons such as their spin or entirely different particles such as atoms and ions. If these new fields can be developed for commercial use, they will revolutionize the present applications of electronics.

Implications

The entire electronics industry is approaching a considerable shake up as Moore’s Law nears its inevitable tipping point. However, new ways of processing information are on their way, and these electronics spinoff fields will develop devices with reduced power consumption, increased speed, and greater functionality at reduced costs while enabling a broad range of new applications.

What is changing?

Electronics has produced several spinoff fields of study. An early example is photonics which began in the 1960s by using light to perform the same functions as electronics…

View original 597 more words

Augmented World – “SpaceGlasses” give you a glimpse of the interface revolution


Cyborg‬ ‪‎scenario‬ ahead?

  • “Mass media”: Not now
    Mobile AR will not be the gadget for the masses in the next 5 years, but …
  • Tool in professional branches: Yes
    Mobile AR (of theglasses / eye wear type) will become the standard interface in some professions
    - e.g. security (‪‎cybercops‬), army, maintenence, medical surgery
  • Hyper-‪‎transparency‬ angst: Yes
    as a consequence the ‪surveillance‬ topic (google PRISM, XKEYXSCORE, NSA super surveillance) will stay on the political agenda
  • Politics and law: Adapt fast!
    The law system has to adapt rapidly – else the wave of ‪augmentation‬ tech and hyper-‪‎transparency‬ might end in a disaster for civil rights and democracy

Details

AR – Outernet – RealityWeb – What will be next?

reality-web-3x3-2013a
The convergence of information and communication technology is a permanent topic in tech foresight. Now there seems to be a next step in the combination of emergent technologies, that might change our culture in the foundations, actually could change our “cultural DNA”. The material basis for the transformation probably will be a mixed reality of the already emerging Internet of Things, Ambient and Ubiquitous Intelligence – and the maturing new interfaces of wearable Augmented Reality.

.
Internet of Things – Internet of Everything – Power of Anticipatory Intelligence
.

Since IPv6 means the unimaginable explosion of the addressable space mankind is prepared for tagging and tracking of everything – goods, vehicles, animals, human beings. Not only managing the data of their trajectories in space and time, but in combination with Big Data and Ubiquitous Intelligence allowing predictive intelligence. The most evolved and complex systems in natural and cultural evolution have created subsystems of anticipatory intelligence – the predator “sees” where the running prey will be in the next tenth of a second. Individuals are making plans over years and decades – as a CEO, a politician or a citizen thinking about the pension. Civilisations have created professions concerned with the future – in modern times based on science, math and computer simulations. The vast “smartization” of the lifeworld will result in much more anticipatory processes, just for the advantage of prediction, but also because of the grown complexity, which in turn might demand more “simulation runs” to find the best decision.

human-evolution-cx

.

Augmented Reality and Perception Technologies – Cyborg Reloaded?
.
Since the announcments of Google’s project Glass and the amazing prototypes and concept videos there is much noise about it. Actually the view count is near 20 million now and shows the vast interest.

.

.

Following the ideas of media theorists like McLuhan this interface / media constructs a new perception reality and changes reality perception then. If someone in the “augmented future” resists to wear these little helpers he might be seen to be in a “defective mode” in the same way as an analphabet is “blind” for the signs around him.  This could result in a new digital divide.

.

.

Artificial Intelligence anyone?

.

Watson and Siri power will invade into the ICT surroundings and all kind of ordinary devices. Will people feel “Promethean shame” (as Günther Anders put it in the last century), confronted with devices not even accessing knowledge, but “creating” it?

.

Some funny questions arise from the scenarios

.

Can machines and robots be consumers? The business guy says: “If they can pay the bills then they are welcome, I do not mind race or ontology!” Actually consciousness, feelings and qualia might be no requirement to be part of an economy – autonomous physical and virtual bots might earn money if they are productive in a reasonable context. I am not sure and I have not googled for the answer, but these questions actually will arise.
.
Will things have a facebook or twitter on their own? Sounds funny too, but makes sense in the perspective of a library of skills, demands, offers and … coalitons. Yes, they collaborate, so they will exchange tricks and cheatsheets (mindlessly like bacteria), will follow each other and .. friend to increase their team power. Here again the bloody head of robot invasion and biocide, wellknown from many Hollywood blockbusters, rises again – there will be so much m2m chatter, that we humans cannot do the surveillance, but again machines will be the delegates. How can we trust, that the cooperation of these autonomous systems will not draw conclusions against good old mankind? Not as attackers (maybe later), but just in hybrid decision making, where humans vouche for some algorithmic intelligence deciding on a health plan, a patients life etc. In a SciFi setting we actually would use then our super glasses to detect the evil machines …
PS: Just found:
Update 2013-02-22: The graphics on top has been added, though in beta version. Some resemblance with the text and graphics in the newsletter (German text) of the appreciated foresight company Z_punkt is not an accident, since I am quite involved in the process.

Ecology as a science needs to understand innovation

Ecology – is it an immature science?
If you have watched the controversy netween Paul Gilding and Peter Diamandis at TED.com you might have come to the conclusion that approaching the big question of our future survival and wellbeing cannot be accomplished  in a scientific framework, the contrahents seem to be stuck in a clash of believe systems.

Why is this? Because most of the ecological research is still underscoring the “human factor”. But don’t researchers talk a lot about the anthropogenic factors? Yes, but they do it in a static way, neglecting the dynamics that comes with disruptive innovations.

Radical systemic change – or perish! The need for a kind of
“eco-political holism”
Don’t get me wrong, I am not a “technological optimist”, who thinks, that we can ignore the alarming headlines and we can just lean back, since we will have cold fusion in some years to solve all energy and scarcity problems. Another vision would be, that we will soon have miraculous “synthetic organism” solving any thinkable waste problems.

No, we cannot rely on those promises, in the contrary – technology innovation alone will not solve the problems. We need more socio-cultural innovation to realize the  urgent and painful radical systemic change.

I have written about the scenario logic of the ecological singularity and I even claimed that “Eco-Singularity is the top issue of our time” (here). Actually there  are solution concepts – contrasting with the two extremes of the naive eco-apocalyptic stance or the also naive believe in hypertech solutions. The first one underscores the gamechanging role of innovation, the second one is narrowing the innovation issue to the technological realm alone. Typically the techcentric approach is neglecting also the economical system framework, let alone the ecological, the planetary boundaries. How can we find a new balance with our limited ressources, when hyperproduction, hyperconsumption and a unhealthy financial system are systematically cursing us to shred our ecosystems?




Gilding and Diamandis are both right and wrong
The technological optimist Diamandis has to understand the severe crisis and the limits of “technological salvation”. The ecologist Gilding has to integrate innovation more radically.  

The technological optimist Diamandis has to understand the severe crisis and the limits of “tech salvation”. The ecologist Gilding has to integrate innovation more radically.

Innovation matrix - holistic innovation concept

It woutd be encouraging if we can see the entanglement of both “cultures” in the soon future.

Update 2012-05-16 – The text has been completely reworked. Graphics had been added.

A dynamic year is ending

Map of all Arab Spring and Occupy Movement nations 2011 - Source: blatantworld.com

A dynamic year 2011 is ending: Crisis. protests, movements, system skepticism

What is in your mind? What will I have I forgotten to mention? Arab spring, occupy movement, maybe a stolen Arab spring in Egypt, maybe an awakening civill society in Russia. And kind of “cold (civil) war” in US. And ever more extreme weather conditions around the globe. Durban climate conference at the end of the year is a new confirmation of cognitive mis-mapping of the political leaders. As cognitive psychology has shown often: A certain complexity of a system cannot be handled by most of human beings, they take refuge to heuristics and kind of superstitious solution approaches.collage of year 2011 - arab spring - occupy - riots in london

Oh, Fukushima not to forget – for some 10,000 years – radiation is a reminder future generations did not ask for … What else? A lot of rather helpless activities to handle the debt cirisis in Europe. Angry citizens. Credibility of systems solutions going down, down, down. Politicians’ growth paradigm seems 99% unchanged. Locked in the mindset, which is the problem, not the solution. And again confirmation of the uncontrollable “innovation avalanche” of the hightech super-innovative society. News: H5N1 avian flu created in the laboratory.

Occupy the economy – New models please! 

Oh, not only bad news!!! Some weeks ago I was really surprised and excited about the announcement of a “Funky Business Barcamp” in Berlin. Was this the “mycel of transformation” reaching the economy? Will there be emerging new models how to make business in a different cultural setting, with different values and goals – and in a intrinsically sustainable manner. It was an unconventional barcamp and time will tell, whether something substantial will spread from it. I will watch this carefully and will tell if it is …

Update – related posts (oops … Cassandra complex)

Updates: Changed avian flu news + link; added two images

Next big thing: People Economy – share things, create value

Facts – present and future

There are different names out there: sharing economy, peer-to-peer value exchange – and “people-powered markets”.  The last title is from Vanessa Miemis, who has done a great job to collect and sort 60 (!) of that markets (emergentbydesign.com). There are some more facts from her research:

Source: emergentbydesign.com

Beyond ideology 

You might ask: People Economy – is that communism reloaded? Definitly not! Just in the opposite direction. Yes, it has to do with re-wiring the value chains, but to give people more power. It is about empowerment. The leftist ideologies often did show that they have no real trust in people. When they have acquired power they have again and again build massive control structures – to keep themselves in power and keep people powerless. They even did hate freedom of speech, freedom of thought. The new “people economy” is quite the opposite: It accepts your economical empowerment, conceives you as an entrepreneur, encourages you to monetize on your ressources.

Airbnb story as an example

“Airbnb is a trusted community marketplace for people to list, discover, and book unique spaces around the world online or from an iPhone device.” (techcrunch.com) The company is funded with 108 million USD. The competitor wimdu.com has got 90 million USD. (techcrunch.com). And if you check the growing directory of Lisa Gansky you will find dozens of platforms in the travel category alone ( http://meshing.it/categories/29-Travel ). By the way the directory has 32 categories.

It is the unfolding socio-digital “matrix” again

Why is this happening now? In the US context there might be an influence of the ongoing economical crisis, but the primary driver is the maturity of the “socio-technological complex”, the matrix of highly inter-connected people – technologically supported with digital mechanisms of trust and reputation, with the habit to connect and interact. We will see this spread and gaining momentum in the coming years. While this trend is about sharing some posessions or skills there is another disruptive trend in close company: microwork crowdsourcing in the  real world. Curious? Check out Gigwalk, the “first ever distributed workforce”: “We turn the world’s iPhones into your instant mobile workforce.” In the moment available only in US .

What is Gigwalk? from GigwalkTV on Vimeo.

Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.